Simply put, humic acids are fully decomposed remains of organic life. They’re long-chain molecules that are high in weight and dark brown in color. They are not a single acid, and a specific classification has eluded scientists to date. Rather, “humic acid” is a broad term that refers to a complex mixture of many different acids that are soluble in alkaline solutions. They exist naturally as part of nature’s life cycle in soils, oceans, and streams. Due to modern farming methods, humic acids are less abundant in today’s agricultural and gardening soils, because the natural cycle of life, death, decay, and rebirth has been disrupted. Thus, it is imperative for these acids to be replaced to restore a healthy soil, healthy plants, and healthy crops. Benefits of humic acids include better soil structure, improved water retention in soil, increased cell wall permeability, increased crop production, decreased disease and infestation, and a decreased need for fertilizer and associated costs.